Tunnel construction has long been regarded as a specialized branch of civil engineering, with its origins stemming from mining practice. It was only with the building of the railways, with their need for fixed alignment elements, that the engineer was presented with completely new tasks. Especially in the second half of the 19th century certain rules and construction procedures developed which were widely and repeatedly used with purely manual work, while construction aids and equipment improved. In the statics of curbing for ground retaining and tunnel vaulting it was assumed that basically the whole ground load had to be supported. It was only in 1960 that a group of Austrain engineers developed a completely new concept according to which the ground itself is employed to help carry the load. This "new Austrain tunnel construction method", as it is called, was first used in all respects for the construction of the Neuer Schwaikheimer tunnel by the DB in 1963. Thus evolved just in time, the new method was able to be applied for economical construction of the tunnels on the DB's new high-speed lines now being built.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Hestra Verlag

    Holzhofallee 33, Postfach 4244
    6100 Darmstadt 1,   Germany 
  • Authors:
    • Kunstmann, W
  • Publication Date: 1984-4


  • German

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00399736
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: British Railways
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 1985 12:00AM