Experimental research to improve protection levels offered to automobile occupants in lateral collisions has focused on the study of responses of the 50th percentile male as a result of the availability of the Side Impact Dummy of that size. The question of the suitability of protective measures developed for the 50th percentile male for other occupant sizes is of concern. Hence, a major objective of this study was to analytically evaluate injury potential of a broad range of occupant sizes in lateral collisions in combination with various types of padding. Two computer models were used in the study. The first was a one-dimensional lumped mass model that was used on a desk top computer to make over 120 parameter study runs. The CAL-3D crash victim simulation was also configured to represent an occupant in a lateral collision with intruding door motion. Results of the study generally indicate that padding on the interior of the door surface is beneficial to all occupant sizes and, in fact, reduces injury severity measures more for smaller occupants than for larger. Both side impact models have been shown to be very useful in the study of side impact events and also compare favorably with experimental results.

  • Corporate Authors:

    MGA Research Corporation

    58 Sonwil Drive
    Buffalo, NY  United States  14225

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Segal, D J
  • Publication Date: 1983-8

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: v.p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00396309
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: G37-V-3 Final Rpt., HS-806 669
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-82-C-07047
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 31 1985 12:00AM