CHILD RESTRAINT--AVAILABILITY AND USE IN THE BRISBANE AREA
On December 1st, 1979, the Queensland Government introduced regulations compelling the use of restraints by children under the age of eight years, when such restraints are available, in the hope that this would have an effect on the undiminishing casualty rate of children in this age group who were previously exempted from the seat belt legislation. To assess the immediate impact of the new regulations on the availability and usage of child restraints in the community, the Queensland Road Safety Council undertook to do a survey consisting of a "pre-legislation" and a "post-legislation" phase. The survey was designed to provide information on restraint usage by children in the community under eight years of age, and to show what effect the introduction of the new legislation had on the wearing behaviour of restraints by children. The survey sample comprised over 1,000 children in each of the phases of the survey. All data was collected by observation of children in cars at three locations, namely; shopping centres, schools, and kindergartens. Overall, the results have shown an increase in both availability and usage of child restraints since December, 1979. Availability has increased from 88% to 93%, and usage has risen from 30% to 45%. This means that despite the new legislation one out of every two children rides unrestrained in both the front and rear compartments of a vehicle. There has been no evidence of relocation of children from front to rear seating positions. The legislation can be seen to have had some positive effects but there is still a lot of room for improvement.
- Survey conducted November 1979 and June 1980.
Department of Transport, QueenslandTransport House, Valley Ctr, 230 Brunswick St, PO Box 673
Fortitude Valley, Queensland 4006, Australia
- Wadley, J
- Cantemessa, L
- Publication Date: 0
- Features: Appendices; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Before and after studies; Child restraint systems; Data collection; Laws; Measures of effectiveness; Supply; Surveys; Utilization
- Uncontrolled Terms: Availability; Effectiveness
- Subject Areas: Highways; Law; Research; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00399108
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: No. 2/83 Res Rpt., HS-038 818
- Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Sep 30 1985 12:00AM