A system of program evaluation is presented that examines organizational and programmatic aspects of countermeasures as well as three levels of outcome. Level one outcomes include changes in skills, knowledge, attitudes, and resources. Change in behavior is the level two outcome. The ultimate or level three outcomes are increased cost effectiveness and reduction in death, disability, discomfort, dissatisfaction, and deleterious side effects. Evaluation often requires assessment of level one and two outcomes for gatekeepers as well as for the ultimate population to be reached. Attention also must be paid to separate analysis of high vs. low-risk situations for injury events. The time series approach to evaluation should be used only on those rare occasions where it is not feasible to apply two by two (before and after) design or its modifications. The proposed system was developed and has been used over the past five years for evaluation of the Vermont Lung Center, a national demonstration project funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The components of the project are: initial prevention of disease, early case finding and treatment to prevent complications, and rehabilitation of those already disabled. These three traditional public health prevention components are comparable to the preinjury, injury, and postinjury phases of safety programming. The project also deals with public and professional education and motivation efforts, hardware development, and to some extent, environmental modification, which also parallels aspects of safety programming.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Headington Hill Hall
    Oxford OX30BW,    
  • Authors:
    • Waller, J A
  • Publication Date: 1980-3

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00392290
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-028 892
  • Files: HSL, USDOT
  • Created Date: Feb 28 1985 12:00AM