THE JAPANESE TYPE APPROVAL SYSTEM. SOCIAL PROTECTION OR INDUSTRIAL PROTECTIONISM?
One of the main foci of criticisms of Japan being voiced among the Western nations concerning trade imbalances is the allegedly closed nature of the Japanese market; the "gate" which supposedly shuts out foreign competitors is represented by the initials NTB, for non-tariff barriers. Although there are indeed growing demands on many fronts for Japan to provide more open access to its markets, the automotive type approval system in this country, which is the body of regulations governing the authorization of any automobile to operate on the roads of Japan, is usually only referred to symbolically as just one more of these political "barriers," and the social significance and historical background of the system itself is often left unexamined. Leaving the political discussions aside, this essay will review the essential role that the type approval system plays in terms of social criteria, such as those related to safety and pollution prevention, that are needed for a healthier automotive environment in Japan. It will also review and evaluate the system in comparison to related systems or practices in foreign countries. This account will be based on the current version of the system, which contains revisions that were announced recently by the Japanese government.
Toyota Motor CorporationInternational Public Affairs Dept, 1-4-18, Koraku
Tokyo 112, Japan
- Publication Date: 1983
- Features: Photos;
- Pagination: 20 p.
- WHEEL EXTENDED
- Issue Number: 13
- TRT Terms: Competition; Environmental protection; Highway safety; International trade; Motor vehicles; Social factors
- Geographic Terms: Japan
- Subject Areas: Environment; Safety and Human Factors; Society;
- Accession Number: 00391312
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: Special Supplement, HS-037 073
- Files: HSL, USDOT
- Created Date: Dec 30 1984 12:00AM