EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES, A SYSTEMS APPROACH
A simulation Model, EMSS II, is described which allows for the systematic analysis of emergency medical services (EMS) in response to changes in system variables and serves as a tool in decision-making and planning processes. The model was developed by Operations Research, Inc. under contract to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. It offers a format for the introduction of data from the moment a call for help is received by a designated community response agency, through the entire EMS process, to service outcome. The emergency medical care delivery system is divided into the following components: detection and communication (police, fire, other), transportation (police, fire, other), and treatment (at site, in transit, treatment facility). EMSS II is a closed, stochastic, event-based simulation. The following classes of output can be obtained: case classification, ambulance utilization, emergency medical facility utilization, sequence of patient care events, and sequence of EMS system events. An application of EMSS II is being undertaken in the Columbus (Ohio) Metropolitan Area.
- Scheduled to be published in "Emergency Medical Services: Behavioral and Managerial Perspectives," John H. Noble, Jr, ed., and Henry Wechsler, ed., Behavioral Publications, Inc. November 1972.
Ohio State University, ColumbusDivision of Community Health
Columbus, OH United States 43210
- Gemma, W R
- Strayer, D E
- Chase, R C
- Keller, M D
- Publication Date: 1972
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 15 p.
- TRT Terms: Decision making; Disasters and emergency operations; Hazards and emergency operations; Planning; Simulation; Systems analysis
- Subject Areas: Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00393726
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: HS-027 111U
- Files: HSL, USDOT
- Created Date: May 31 1985 12:00AM