OPTIMAL CONTROL MODEL APPLICATIONS AND FIELD MEASUREMENTS WITH RESPECT TO CAR DRIVING

The well-known optimal control model has been applied only rarely to car driving, although its structure suits the modelling demands of driving by allowing for a multitask application and providing possibilities for the evaluation of driving in terms of supervisory control. Two series of optimal control model predictions are stated for lateral position control in a straight driving scenario with disturbances generated internally by the driver. The first series of model calculations predicts lateral position variations and the time that a driver's vision can be occluded during the observation and control of different combinations of display variables (lateral position, lateral speed, yaw rate, lateral acceleration and yaw acceleration). The second series of predictions concerns two extreme sets of display variables in relation to driving speed and driving experience. Model predictions for the observation and control of all display variables give occlusion times which correspond with data from instrumented car studies with experienced drivers. However, with exclusive observation and control of the lateral position cue, predicted occlusion times are less than found in experimental results of inexperienced drivers. It is Suggested that inexperienced drivers are also controlling yaw rate and/or both acceleration cues. (Author/TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    TNO INSTITUTE FOR PERCEPTION

    KAMPWEG 5, PO BOX 23
    SOESTERBERG,   Netherlands  3769 ZG
  • Authors:
    • Blaauw, G J
    • Godthelp, J
    • Milgram, P
  • Publication Date: 1983

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 27 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00393178
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 1983-18 Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 30 1985 12:00AM