DESIGN OF QUARRY-STONE COVER LAYERS FOR RUBBLE-MOUND BREAKWATERS
The first phase of the investigation, which dealt with the design of quarry-stone cover layers, is described. For the laboratory tests, small-scale rubble-mound breakwater sections are hand-constructed in a concrete flume 119 ft long, 5 ft wide, and 4 ft deep, and subjected to mechanically generated waves. The limit of stability of the armor units forming the protective cover layer is determined as a function of the wave dimensions, slope of exposed breakwater face, weight and specific weight of the armor units, and specific weight of the water in which the test sections are situated. Tests have also been conducted in which damage to the quarry-stone-type cover layer was determined as a function of wave height. Using the experimental data to determine the unknown functions in the derived equation, a new formula was obtained for the weight of armor units required to insure their stability when used as the cover layer of rubble-mound breakwaters. The new breakwater stability formula, and the experimental data obtained to date, provide the essential information for an improved method of designing rubble-mound breakwaters with cover layers composed of quarry stones placed pell-mell.
- Errata sheet inserted. Hydraulic Laboratory Investigation.
U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station3909 Halls Ferry Road
Vicksburg, MS United States 39180-6199
- Hudson, R Y
- Publication Date: 1958-7
- Pagination: 68 p.
- TRT Terms: Breakwaters; Force; Rubble mound breakwaters; Waves
- Old TRIS Terms: Wave forces on structures
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00072544
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: AEWES-RR-2-2 Res. Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 27 1974 12:00AM