ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
This new WHO publication is the report of a WHO International Conference on Road Traffic Accidents in Developing Countries, which was held in Mexico in 1981. One of the main aims of the Conference was to define basic principles for the formulation of road safety policies at national and international levels. The report points out that fatality and casualty figures are rising rapidly in most developing countries, where, moreover, the death rates (relative to either population or number of vehicles) are considerably higher than in the industrialized world. These developments are causing a serious and rapidly growing public health problem. Beginning with a section on the development of road safety and transport policies, the report goes on to discuss briefly practically every aspect of prevention of road traffic accidents. For example, there are sections on the screening and training of drivers, construction and maintenance of roads, safety factors in the design of vehicles, and legislation and law enforcement. The main emphasis, however, is on the relationship between road safety and public health. It is pointed out that road accidents largely affect young people, causing much disability. Moreover, the burden on health services diverts scarce resources of skilled manpower and equipment from other major health problems, and, humanitarian considerations apart, there is an overall economic loss to the community. In this regard, the report contains an important section on appropriate technology for protection against injuries. Two other sections discuss the organization and management of road safety programmes and the role of public health authorities. This report should increase awareness among governments of the public health consequences of road traffic accidents and encourage interested authorities to implement desirable countermeasures, with special reference to the health aspects of the problem. Public health officials and decision-makers in other fields responsible for road safety will find much useful information in this book.
World Health Organization20 Avenue Appia
1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
- Publication Date: 1984
- Features: Appendices;
- Pagination: 36 p.
- TRT Terms: Conferences; Crash rates; Developing countries; Driver training; Fatalities; Highway design; Impact studies; Prevention; Public health; Safety; Traffic crashes; Traffic law enforcement
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies; I81: Accident Statistics;
- Accession Number: 00392102
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: Tech Rpt Series 703
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 28 1985 12:00AM