MOPEDS: THE 1980'S IN THE UNITED STATES
An overview is provided of safety-related aspects of moped use in the U.S. transportation system during the next decade, based on two separate studies. The first study was undertaken to formulate and apply a procedure to forecast the nature and scope of the potential moped accident problem (e.g. sales volume, usage patterns, and crash rates) and to recommend research and safety program action for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. A broad-based review of the literature was undertaken and data were obtained from police-reported accident data from various states, survey results on moped user characteristics, and a market survey to develop future sale estimates. Research needs were identified: further collection by the states of police-reported moped accident data, collection of nationally representative exposure data for mopeds, development of a decision analysis approach to handling moped safety problems, identification and field testing of specific accident countermeasures, determination of moped licensing requirements, and development of moped helmet standards. The second study, an in-depth analysis of North Carolina moped accidents for 1976-1978, reinforced the proposition that accident countermeasures need to be oriented more toward operators than the roadside. Moped safety considerations were indicated: examining moped angle and turning accidents at intersections and driveways, allowing mopeds on bike lanes and examining the resulting operational performance, using manually actuated traffic signals at selected intersections, prohibiting left turns at high-volume intersections, prohibiting nighttime riding and riding without helmet on high-speed roadways, and requiring "lights-on" during daytime. Applicable suggestions from a bicycle study on improving road characteristics, and the importance of alcohol as a contributing factor in moped accidents are noted.
- Conference held in Washington, D.C., 18-23 May 1980. Also published in HS-029 702, International Motorcycle Safety Conference Proceedings. Volume 3, p 977-1003. Research sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and North Carolina Governor's Highway Safety Progrom.
Motorcycle Safety Foundation780 Elkridge Landing Road
Linthicum, MD United States 21090
- Hunter, W W
- Publication Date: 1980
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 27 p.
- TRT Terms: Countermeasures; Crashes; Data analysis; Forecasting; Mathematical analysis; Mopeds
- Subject Areas: Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00390507
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: HS-029 703
- Files: HSL, USDOT
- Created Date: Nov 30 1984 12:00AM