REPORT ON ITALIAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 1974
This is a detailed report on the activities and planning efforts in the fields of energy, health, education and transportation. The Italian State Railroad (Ferrovie dello Stato) is experiencing deficit problems. In 1973 it was about 700 billion lire. One reason for this deficit is the existence of 5,000 kilometers of secondary rail network which is a heavy burden, but for political reasons the Ferrovie has been able to remove only 300 kilometers from service during the last decade. With an employee increase from 170,000 in 1963 to 215,000 in 1973 and no increase in fares in the past 10 years, it has resulted in the lowest tariffs in Europe. The ordinary budget of the Ferrovie includes funds for only general maintenance, administrative, and personnel; any special projects for improvements to the railroad must come through funds passed by parliament. In addition, government subsidies are included in the ordinary budget. When revenues plus subsidies are insufficient to cover expenses, the deficit is financed by taking out loans guaranteed by the government or the national/international financial market. However, there has been an increase in travellers and freight of 4.5%. There are several high speed lines in Italy where trains travel up to 160 km/hr. These are Milano-Venezia, Torino-Roma, Milano-Bologna-Pari, and Roma-Napoli. The report also discusses energy planning and offers statistical data on energy consumption and prices, plans for gasoline rationing, automobile travel and urban transportation.
United States Embassy, ItalyScience and Technology Office
- Publication Date: 1974-6
- Pagination: 80 p.
- TRT Terms: Abandonment; Branch lines; Deficits; Policy
- Identifier Terms: Ferrovie dello Stato
- Old TRIS Terms: Government policies
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Policy; Railroads;
- Accession Number: 00072135
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transportation Systems Center
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Apr 21 1976 12:00AM