URBAN TRANSPORTATION DEREGULATION IN ARIZONA. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This research reports on the first year impacts of urban transportation dergulation in Arizona. It examines the impacts of deregulation on the taxi, airport limousine, private buses, and demand-responsive transportation industries in Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona and certain small cities, and as many new modes that might be initiated after deregulation, such as jitneys. The Phoeniz Airport, Sky Harbor International, was also a major focus of the analysis. The first year results of the Arizona experience are also compared to the impacts of taxi regulatory change in other cities. The report considers the advantages, disadvantages, and policy implications of complete deregulation of private urban common carriage transportation, as well as explaining the observed pattern of impacts. The primary objectives of the research were to: 1) provide information from the Arizona experiment on the public question of whether economic deregulation of urban passenger transportation results in benefits to transportation providers and urban travellers; 2) determine and evaluate the probable characteristics of unregulated markets in common carriage urban passenger transportation in Arizona and generalize the results to other urban areas; and 3) document short-run market adjustment processes following deregulation. Entry, exit, prices, productivity, and profitability were included in the analysis as were the topics of service innovation, changes in market size, effects upon compting modes, and implication for public transportation. Major tasks of the study consisted of: 1) an extensive review of the transportation literature pertaining to deregulation; 2) the development of a methodology to form hypotheses concerning impacts of deregulation; and 3) collection and analysis of empirical data from Arizona cities for the first year following deregulation.
University of California, IrvineInstitute of Transportation Studies
4000 Anteater Instruction and Research Building
Irvine, CA United States 92697
Urban Mass Transportation Administration400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Teal, R F
- Berglund, M
- Publication Date: 1984-4
- Pagination: 16 p.
- TRT Terms: Airport access; Benefits; Bus transit; Deregulation; Paratransit services; Pricing; Private enterprise; Productivity; Profitability; Taxicabs
- Geographic Terms: Arizona
- Old TRIS Terms: Bus services
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Aviation; Economics; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Public Transportation; Society; I10: Economics and Administration;
- Accession Number: 00389755
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-CA-11-0027-84-1Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: CA-11-0027
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Oct 30 1984 12:00AM