A REVIEW OF REPORTS RELATING TO THE EFFECT OF FARE AND SERVICE CHANGES IN METROPOLITAN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

The report reviews articles and reports developed in the past ten years relating to demand elasticities for public ground intra-city transportation. It is designed to provide policy makers with a quick overview of the literature. Some major headings are: (1) an increase in fares will decrease patronage, but will result in a net increase in revenues; (2) the effect of fare increases differs depending on circumstances; (3) the relationships probably operate in the same manner with fare decreases, but in the opposite direction; (4) increased frequency will increase patronage, but no clear pattern has been found to suggest a method of numerical prediction; (5) it is difficult to judge the relative impact of each when improvements occur simultaneously; and (6) the attributes of speed, comfort, convenience, and wide choice of destination are as important as fare in attracting persons.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Saint Louis University

    Center for Urban Programs
    St Louis, MO  USA 

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Holland, D K
  • Publication Date: 1974-6

Media Info

  • Pagination: 26 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00071845
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Dec 19 1981 12:00AM