A REVIEW OF REPORTS RELATING TO THE EFFECT OF FARE AND SERVICE CHANGES IN METROPOLITAN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
The report reviews articles and reports developed in the past ten years relating to demand elasticities for public ground intra-city transportation. It is designed to provide policy makers with a quick overview of the literature. Some major headings are: (1) an increase in fares will decrease patronage, but will result in a net increase in revenues; (2) the effect of fare increases differs depending on circumstances; (3) the relationships probably operate in the same manner with fare decreases, but in the opposite direction; (4) increased frequency will increase patronage, but no clear pattern has been found to suggest a method of numerical prediction; (5) it is difficult to judge the relative impact of each when improvements occur simultaneously; and (6) the attributes of speed, comfort, convenience, and wide choice of destination are as important as fare in attracting persons.
Saint Louis UniversityCenter for Urban Programs
St Louis, MO United States
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Holland, D K
- Publication Date: 1974-6
- Pagination: 26 p.
- TRT Terms: Fares; Headways; Mode choice; Passenger comfort; Passenger service; Quality of service; Scheduling; Travel demand; Urban transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Passenger demand
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Operations and Traffic Management; Passenger Transportation; Public Transportation; Railroads;
- Accession Number: 00071845
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Dec 19 1981 12:00AM