MICROOXIDATION EVALUATION OF AUTOMOTIVE CRANKCASE OILS
The Penn State Microoxidation Tester coupled with gel permeation chromatography and clay column adsorption techniques has been demonstrated to be an effective tool to provide semi-quantitative analysis for automotive crankcase lubricant deterioration. This test simulates engine piston-cylinder zone high-temperature thin-film conditions. Oxidative behavior of a series of ASTM Sequence IIID hot engine test reference oils (with unknown base stocks and additive package) has been found to be comparable to and consistent with that of a model fluid formulated with a good quality conventionally refined heavy neutral and a simple additive system composed of phenyl alpha naphthylamine and zinc dialkyldithiophosphate. Further simplification of the test procedure for evaluating varnish and deposit formation tendencies proves to be an effective aid in discriminating base oils as well as compounded fluids with a minimum of analytical equipment. High temperature evaluations of a number of commercial multigrade engine oils reveal the slight advantage of synthetic over conventional mineral base oils both in terms of oxidation resistance and volatility loss.
- Find a library where document is available. Order URL: http://worldcat.org/issn/01487191
- Reprinted from SP-558 Lubricant and Additive Effects on Engine Wear. Fuels and Lubricants Meeting San Francisco, California, October 31-November 3, 1983.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- Cho, L F
- Klaus, E E
- Publication Date: 1983
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 28 p.
- TRT Terms: Crankcases; Deterioration; Engine oils; Lubricating oils; Oxidation; Quantitative analysis; Synthetic crude oil; Test procedures; Volatility
- Old TRIS Terms: Synthetic oils
- Subject Areas: Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00387285
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 831679 Reprint, HS-036 778
- Files: HSL, USDOT
- Created Date: Jul 30 1984 12:00AM