MEAN STRESS EFFECTS ON FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH AND FAILURE IN A RAIL STEEL

Over a limited range, the effect of mean stress has been studied on fatigue crack propagation and on the critical fatigue crack size associated with sudden fast fracture in center-notched plate specimens of a rail steel under pulsating loading. The results have been presented in terms of the stress intensity factor range K and the ratio R of the minimum to maximum stress. Increasing R was found to both accelerate cracking and reduce the critical crack size at instability. The data have been correlated with three crack growth equations currently used in the literature and it was found that the equation of Forman et al. relating crack growth rate to K and R gave the best fit. This equation was used to predict life in the finite range of the S-N curve. Fractographic examination revealed that the fracture surfaces were complex and a number of fracture modes contributed to cracking.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Maxwell House, Fairview Park
    Elmsford, NY  USA  10523
  • Authors:
    • Evans, P R
    • Owen, N B
    • McCartney, L N
  • Publication Date: 1974-3

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 183-193
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00071782
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 20 1976 12:00AM