THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW HOLLOW CYLINDER APPARATUS FOR INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTS OF PRINCIPAL STRESS ROTATION IN SOILS

In the wall of a hollow cylindrical specimen under combined axial load, torque and internal and external radial pressures, the magnitude and direction of the major and minor principal stresses can be controlled together with the magnitude of the intermediate principal stress. This paper describes both the design and principles of operation of a new hollow cylinder apparatus and its application to the investigation of principal stress rotation effects in sands and clays. A discussion is presented of the stress and strain non-uniformities which occur in a hollow cylinder specimen as a result of its curvature and of restraint at its ends. The manner in which these non-uniformities have been minimized, by selection of a sample geometry of 203 mm i.d. X 254 mm o.d. X 254 mm height and by the use of internal instrumentation, is described. The results of tests on dense Ham river sand are presented to demonstrate the capabilities of teh apparatus. (Author/TRRL)

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 355-383
  • Serial:
    • GEOTECHNIQUE
    • Volume: 33
    • Issue Number: 4
    • Publisher: Thomas Telford Limited
    • ISSN: 0016-8505

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00382104
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1984 12:00AM