DEREGULATION OF THE BRITISH INTER-URBAN TRAVEL MARKET

The 1980 transport act brought about the first major change in bus and coach licensing for 50 years. In broad terms the legislation was concerned with the abolition of quantity control (wherever possible) and a rationalisation of quality control in the bus and coach industry. Areas of total re-regulation included express and excursions and tours services. General information on nationwide trends is presented, together with a detailed analysis from our current research which concentrates on the East Midlands area of England. The new legislation governing the operation of coach services affects coach operators, their passengers and their competitors. The paper focuses upon the findings of surveys undertaken to establish the experience, action and attitudes of these groups. The period immediately following enactment in October 1980 was characterised by considerable increases in activity and the onset of competition between operators on some express routes. The great majority of these developments surrounded services to and from London. Most of this competition has subsequently died away with the outcome very much in favour of the established public sector operators. Independent operators have enjoyed greatest success where they have specialised - either by concentrating on just one or two routes and/or offering higher quality services than the competition. Further evidence of this is given by the fact that the great majority of new East Midlands based services between 1980-82 has been by independents operating seasonal and low frequency routes, usually to holiday destinations. The excursion and tour market has also shown evidence of change, with greater emphasis placed upon marketing by some companies, and a more dynamic approach to traditional operations. Evidence supporting these trends will be offered, with particular reference to the views tendered by operators in the East Midlands. (Author/TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was presented during the proceedings of Seminar M held at the PTRC's 11th Annual Summer Meeting, University of Sussex, Transport Policy.
  • Corporate Authors:

    PTRC Education and Research Services Limited

    110 Strand
    London WC2,   England 
  • Authors:
    • CROSS, A K
    • KILVINGTON, R P
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1983

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 99-111

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00381602
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-112-4
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Volume P240
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1984 12:00AM