CONTRAST AND CONVERGENCE: URBAN TRANSPORT PLANNING IN DEVELOPING AND INDUSTRIALIZED CONTEXTS

Urban transport planning for developing countries lacks an effective paradigm. The staggering waste in human energy, time, and fuel in large and growing ldc cities is not likely to be reduced by the ineffective formulae and inappropriate technologies typically transferred from industrialised country practice. Substantial improvement appears to require a new approach, one which recognises that deceivingly familiar transport problems of cities in ldc's - "go slows" extended commutation, modal mismatch and malfunction - arise from the larger context of underdevelopment with its characteristic manifestations in cities. This fact limits the relevance of developed country processes and solutions. The impact of overall resource scarcity, economic and natural, is obvious. Other factors, less well recognised, are equally determining. These include a rapidly growing youthful population, a dualistic income distribution, the anti-poor bias of public agencies, fuel and vehicle costs determined by development policy, an urban institutional vacuum in the context of a competition for scarce developmental resources, climatic extremes, a village lifestyle transplanted to a sprawling but high density context, a high degree of theoretical government control over land-use and infrastrcture undisciplined by forward planning or enforcement powers, a shortage of technical manpower. The transport planning profession in both the Industrial and developing world is a long way from forging a concensus on the nature of the ldc urban transport problem - much less a coherent strategy with ameliorative potential. Recognising that the transport problems of ldc cities cannot be separated from their context represents the starting point for a new paradigm with greater promise of long-run improvement. The paper characterises the problems and context of typical large ldc cities, evaluates the relevance of conventional transport planning methods and solutions, and suggests more promising new directions. For the covering abstract of the seminar see IRRD no 272657.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Transport Planning in Developing Countries. Proceedings of Seminar H held at the PTRC 10th Summer Annual Meeting.
  • Corporate Authors:

    PTRC Education and Research Services Limited

    110 Strand
    London WC2,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Lockwood, S C
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1982

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: p. 91-106

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00381450
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-111-6
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 29 1984 12:00AM