Brazil's Proalcohol vehicle fuel program which involves the domestic production of alcohol from sugar cane has saved the county about $4500 million in foreign exchange since the program was started in 1975. The program was intended to provide an alternative to imported oil in the wake of the 1973/74 oil crisis and also to exploit Brazil's great experience in growing sugar cane and producing sugar and alcohol from it. The successful program has also resulted in 400,000 new jobs, the production of capitol goods and services, updating of agricultural methods and techniques, and the strengthening of national security. The history of Brazil's program is described. During the latter half of the 1970s the existing infrastructure was mobilized, taking advantage of the idle capacity of the sugar industry to produce anhydions alcohol which was mixed with gasoline up to a maximum ratio of 1 part alcohol to 4 parts gasoline. After the 1978 oil crisis, the program expanded rapidly with major alterations to the general industrial infrastructure. At the end of 1980, the sale of alcohol-pavement vehicles surpassed sales of gasoline and diesel cars. Currently, 10 percent (700,000 cars) of Brazil's fleet is alcohol-powered.

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  • Accession Number: 00381322
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 30 1984 12:00AM