URBAN STRUCTURE, TRAFFIC SYSTEM AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION. ANALYSIS OF THE SCAPE STUDY

STADSSTRUKTUR, TRAFIKSYSTEM OCH ENERGIAATGAANG. ANALYS AV SCAPE-STUDIEN

During the 1960s extensive calculations were carried out at the Department of Town Planning at Chalmers University of Technology, regarding the land use and cost consequences of various plan designs. This was known as the SCAPE study. The study included calculations of traffic mileage and movement costs for various types of traffic, but no calculation was made of the energy consumed. The purpose of the present study was to calculate, with the SCAPE study as a background, the energy consumption for passenger transport (by car and public transport respectively) within the central urban area for various community structures. The energy consumption was specified in kwh/inhabitant and 24-hour period for three urban sizes, 25000, 75000 and 225000 inhabitants. The results show that (1) the energy consumption increases with increased urban size. The ratio between 25000, 75000 and 225000 inhabitants is 1:1.6:2.5. (2) the energy consumption is closely linked to the building density (the plot ratio). The ratio between a very dense and very sparse settlements is 1:1.8. (Author/TRRL)

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

    Institute of Transportation, Fack
    S-402 20 Goeteborg 5,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • GUNNARSSON, S O
    • OESTLUND, B
  • Publication Date: 1982

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00381099
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 1982:2 Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1984 12:00AM