ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE USE OF ALCOHOL-FUELED HIGHWAY VEHICLES
The focus of this paper is recent investigations into the use of oxygenates as transportation fuels. The oxygenates of interest are the low-order alcohols (methanol and ethanol) and certain ethers, all of which have been or can be used as spark ignition (SI) engine fuels, either by themselves (neat) or in blends with gasoline. The emphasis is on exhaust and evaporative emission characterization and quantification and ancillary environmental, health and safety issues that surround the use of such fuels. The last section of the paper presents an overview of the operational characteristics and effects of oxygenated fuels. The information presented on low-order alcohols and methyl tertiary alkyl ethers is derived from the literature, domestic and foreign. The paper does not address, in detail, the vehicle operational problems encountered when alcohols and eithers are substituted for or blended with traditional petroleum hydrocarbon fuels. The paper does not treat the vast and no less complex topic of fuel production and utilization economics, nor the use of oxygenated fuels in Diesel engines.
- Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, Air Pollution Control Association, June 27, 1982.
Department of Energy1000 Independence Avenue, SW
Washington, DC United States 20585
- ECKLUND, E E
- McCallum, P W
- Timbario, T J
- Publication Date: 1982-6
- Pagination: n.p.
- TRT Terms: Alcohols; Blends; Environmental impacts; Ethanol; Ethers; Fuels; Gasoline; Health; Methanol; Motor vehicles; Safety; Spark ignition engines
- Subject Areas: Energy; Environment; Geotechnology; Highways; Materials; Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment; I72: Traffic and Transport Planning;
- Accession Number: 00386692
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Energy Research Abstracts
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 30 1984 12:00AM