This report describes the evaluation results of the Duluth Variable Work Hours/Transit Fare Prepayment Demonstration. The demonstration project was intended to reduce severe peaks in demand on the bus routes of the Duluth Transit Authority (DTA). It was anticipated that these reductions in peaking would result in either in either reduced operating costs for the DTA or an improved level of service for DTA passengers. The project combined two major elements--a Variable work hours program, intended to increase work schedule flexibility, and a differential peak-offpeak pricing component to encourage temporal shifts in transit demand. The pricing component was implemented through regular and discounted peak-restricted monthly passes. The program was unsuccessful in achieving its goals for serveral reasons. Variable work hours programs were universally rejected by employers, first because they did not perceive a peak congestion problem in Duluth, and second because they were concerned that union labor might demand continuation of variable work hours even if a trial program had unacceptable impacts on their business. Pass sales were relatively small, and the time restrictions and peak-offpeak pass price differentials were not effective in inducing shifts in travel behavior even among the small group of pass buyers. Only very small impacts could be attributed to the demonstration, while the revenue sacrificed to pass buyers was significant.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Charles River Associates, Incorporated

    200 Clarendon Street, John Hancock Tower
    Boston, MA  United States  02116

    Urban Mass Transportation Administration

    Office of Technical Assistance & Safety, 400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Publication Date: 1984-4

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 140 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00387693
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-MN-06-0013-84-1Final Rpt., DOT-TSC-UMTA-84-7
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1757
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 30 1984 12:00AM