Constructing deepwater terminal for super-tanker loading off Egypt at El Alamein was a project carried out for Western Desert Operating Petroleum Co. by the Societe des Plongeurs Francais (SPAF), the TIMSAH Shipbuilding Co. of Alexandria and Ismalia, and MONTUBI (Montaggi Materiali Tubolari S.p.A.). The pipeline was buried for 1625 ft at the shoreline for protection from strong currents, and also for 975 ft at the terminal end at sea to protect it against damage by anchors of ships mooring at the buoy. Excavation was carried out by using shaped explosive charges to fracture the rock, followed by removal of the rubble with bangalore torpedoes. Because the rock bottom lacked strength for firm anchorage, borings were made and concrete grout poured in order to bond steel anchors to bedrock. Such anchor points were used to anchor the barge that pulled the line into place, to tie down the weighted line, and to anchor the giant mooring buoy.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Gulf Publishing Company

    Box 2608
    Houston, TX  United States  77001
  • Publication Date: 1969-11

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00056650
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: American Petroleum Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 22 1974 12:00AM