Pipeline transportation of commodities other than oil and gas is being investigated at the Fluid Dynamics Research Center of Williams Brothers Engineering Co. Two test loops are in operation at the center: a 400 ft miniature pipeline system for testing pipeline techniques for liquids, and two 600 ft lines (2 in. and 4 in. dia) for solids slurry tests. Oil pipelines alone now account for 20% of all intercity traffic in the U.S. on a ton-mile basis. Since they perform this function with minimum disturbance to the environment, they fit into present transportation planning better than any alternative method. The use of pipelines is favored by their immunity to weather and to cost inflation. Fixed costs are a much higher, and wage costs a much lower, percentage of total pipeline operating costs. The costs of moving various kinds of energy (per million Btu/100 mi) are: oil by pipeline $0.006; gas by pipeline $0.015; coal by unit train $0.031; and 500 kv electricity $0.10.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Petroleum Publishing Company

    211 South Cheyenne, P.O. Box 1260
    Tulsa, OK  United States  75221
  • Publication Date: 1972-11-27

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 82
  • Serial:
    • Oil and Gas Journal
    • Volume: 70
    • Issue Number: 48
    • Publisher: PennWell Publishing Company
    • ISSN: 0030-1388

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00056368
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: American Petroleum Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 15 1974 12:00AM