PERFORMANCE OF A SOFT GROUND TUNNEL ON THE WASHINGTON METRO

Construction of the Metro by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority involves a large amount of cut and cover, soil tunnel, and rock tunnel construction. To aid initial construction and improve future design, performance observations were undertaken on tunnels in the initial construction phase. One part of the program was on the first soft ground tunnel constructed in the system. The tunnel is a 2200-ft (670 m) twin-bore section, designated Contract A-2, in downtown Washington. Two objectives of this program were to determine the relationship of construction procedure to settlements and to observe the pattern of soil movement around the tunnel as an aid in evaluating underpinning criteria for nearby structures. A test section, consisting of three instrument lines located across the tunnel path, was established prior to mining in Lafayette Park to measure in detail both vertical and lateral soil displacements as the tunnel was mined through the section. Load and distortion measurements on the lining were also made within the test section; observations of construction procedure were maintained throughout construction.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 271-289
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 2

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00051287
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 18 1974 12:00AM