Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram Approach to Traffic Flow with Autonomous/Connected Vehicles

Connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) have the capability to acquire real-time information from each other while human-driven vehicles (HVs) are standalone in the vehicle roadway navigation system. The information asymmetry poses great challenges in managing and controlling vehicles in the mixed traffic. To address such challenges, a new lane-changing algorithm is proposed for CAV platoons to bypass a relatively slow HV. The simulation results indicate that, at all the CAV penetration levels, the proposed lane-changing algorithm provides significant performance improvements to the whole mixed traffic flow, in terms of outflow and travel time. In addition, how and when the benefits associated with CAVs will start to impact the performance of urban network is a question of interest for traffic operators. This study proposes an analytical capacity model for mixed urban corridors based on the concept of macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD). The model incorporates not only the full spectrum of CAV penetration rates, but also reaction time of different vehicle types resulted from different CAV technologies. Numerical experiments verify that different reaction time settings yield disparate results. As CAV penetration rates increased, the urban street capacity may increase or decrease depending upon the reaction time settings. Finally, the concept of MFD is adopted as an index to evaluate the traffic network capacity and further appraise the quality of discrete network design problem (DNDP). This study formulates a bi-level programming model where in the lower level, traffic flows are assigned to the newly extended network subject to user equilibrium theory, and the upper level determines which links should be added to achieve the maximum network capacity. Finally, the methodology is implemented in a test network and the simulation results verify the capacity benefit of using the MFD-based method to solve the NDP under stochastic origin-destination (OD) demands. Specifically, capacity paradox is also presented in the test results.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 58p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01769083
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Project 02
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747104
  • Files: UTC, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 25 2021 10:57AM