Effectiveness of Warning Piles on Driving Behavior on the Curve of Low-Grade Highway

To develop a scientific and practicable guideline for implementing warning piles on Chinese low-grade highways, it is necessary to study the effect of warning piles on driving performance in different road alignments and environments. Based on a driving simulator, this paper evaluates the effect of unilateral and bilateral warning piles on vehicle speed and lateral position on a two-lane rural highway curve with different road geometries. The results show a significant effect of bilateral warning piles on speed control, which becomes more obvious as the radius of the curve decreases and the superelevation increases. In sharp curves, vehicle speed increases rapidly in the second half of the curve, and bilateral warning piles could significantly control speed increase to prevent danger. Meanwhile, the effect of bilateral warning piles on keeping vehicles in a safer lane position is also statistically significant in the second half of the curve. With a decreasing radius and an increasing superelevation, the value of the maximum lateral position will increase. Bilateral warning piles could reduce the lateral position to keep the vehicle on a stable track. Moreover, bilateral warning piles could also perform better at night. This paper studies both unilateral and bilateral warning piles’ effects on driving behavior in different road geometries, thus providing a theoretical basis for the engineering application of warning piles.


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  • Accession Number: 01767972
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 20 2021 3:10PM