Exploring the Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Correlation Factors of Wayfinding Performance on City-Scale Road Networks Based on Massive Trajectory Data

Understanding how urban residents process road network information and conduct wayfinding is important for both individual travel and intelligent transportation. However, most existing research is limited to the heterogeneity of individuals’ expression and perception abilities, and the results based on small samples are weakly representative. This paper proposes a quantitative and population-based evaluation method of wayfinding performance on city-scale road networks based on massive trajectory data. It can accurately compute and visualize the magnitude and spatial distribution differences of drivers’ wayfinding performance levels, which is not achieved by conventional methods based on small samples. In addition, a systematic index set of road network features are constructed for correlation analysis. This is an improvement on the current research, which focuses on the influence of single factors. Finally, taking 20,000 taxi drivers in Beijing as a case study, experimental results show the following: (1) Taxi drivers’ wayfinding performances show a spatial pattern of a high level on arterial road networks and a low level on secondary networks, and they are spatially autocorrelated. (2) The correlation factors of taxi drivers’ wayfinding performances mainly include anchor point, road grade, road importance, road complexity, origin-destination length, and complexity, and each factor has a different influence. (3) The path complexity has a higher correlation with the wayfinding performance level than with the path distance. (4) There is a critical point in the taxi drivers’ wayfinding performances in terms of path distance. When the critical value is exceeded, it is difficult for a driver to find a good route based on personal cognition. This research can provide theoretical and technical support for intelligent driving and wayfinding research.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01768244
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 11 2021 9:42AM