Influence of gap filling on mechanical properties of composite-aluminum single-lap single-bolt hybrid joints

Composite-aluminum structures exist in aircraft structures generally. It is easy to cause gap between mating surfaces in composite-aluminum assembled structures with the curing deformation of composite. The composite-aluminum, single-lap, single-bolt joints were utilized to investigate the influence of forced assembly, liquid shim and peelable fiberglass shim on the mechanical properties of assembled structures. A steel gasket that removed the middle part was used in the joint to make a gap. The 3D Digital Imagine Correlation (3D-DIC) system was utilized to measure the strain field of specimens and the progressive damage model was created in ABAQUS. The results show that the shim filling can significantly increase the tension stiffness and peak load of the joint compare with forced assembly. As the shim thickness changes, the effects of the liquid shim and the peelable fiberglass shim on the tensile stiffness and peak load shows different. The liquid or peelable fiberglass shim can reduce the strain value around the hole and the peelable fiberglass shim has a better result than liquid shim. The squeeze between the bolt and composite laminate has a greater impact on matrix damage and fiber-matrix shear damage, while the secondary bending has a greater impact on matrix damage and fiber damage.

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  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01767066
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 1 2021 3:09PM