Signal Timing and Midblock Crossings

Pedestrians crossing streets between intersections can be a dangerous, and even deadly, activity. Most pedestrians in the United States are killed on arterial roads and away from intersections, This article, however, focuses on data for urban arterials and signalized intersections in Toronto, Canada. It shows that about a third of pedestrian injuries and 60 percent of pedestrian fatalities occur midblock, away from intersections. Midblock crossings can be made easier and safer by providing medians, refuge islands, and pedestrian signals. Alternatively, crossings can be discouraged by median barriers or roadside fencing. However, if neither of these actions is taken, there still is a professional responsibility to consider: the timing of intersection signals. The quality and quantity of road crossing opportunities between coordinated signalized intersections depend on the signal timing decisions made by engineers. And yet, so it seems, no signal timing software now in use takes the interests of midblock crossing pedestrians into consideration, nor do manuals recognize the connection between signal timing decisions and the ease and risk of crossing midblock.


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  • Accession Number: 01768069
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 22 2021 11:41AM