RSU-Assisted Adaptive Scheduling for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Data Sharing in Bidirectional Road Scenarios

This study investigates the synergy between centralized and decentralized (i.e., ad hoc) data scheduling in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) for offloading and balancing the workloads of roadside units (RSU) in bidirectional road scenarios. In the centralized scheduling, an RSU schedules data dissemination using a hybrid of infrastructure-to-vehicle (I2V) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications. Specifically, RSUs cooperate with each other by transferring unserved requests, and each RSU schedules the data services based on its locally received requests and the transferred requests. In the decentralized scheduling, vehicles driving in opposite directions share the cached data items via V2V communication when out of the coverage of RSU. The ad hoc scheduling can be benefited from the cooperation among RSUs since the chance for V2V data sharing could be enhanced when considering transferred requests into scheduling at each RSU. The authors formulate a hybrid of centralized and ad hoc data scheduling (HCA) problem, aiming at best exploiting the synergistic effects of I2V and V2V communication based on centralized data broadcast and ad hoc data sharing. On this basis, they propose an RSU Cooperation-based Adaptive Scheduling (RCAS) algorithm that consists of three mechanisms, including a centralized scheduling mechanism at each RSU, an ad hoc scheduling mechanism for vehicles, and a cluster management mechanism. Finally, the authors build the simulation model and give a comprehensive performance evaluation, which demonstrates the superiority of the proposed solution under a variety of circumstances.

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01768813
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 19 2021 1:57PM