SPADE – A New Method for Infrastructure Planning and Spatial Development

The continuous development of the transport system takes place at different spatial levels and involves many stakeholders. The achievement of a sustainable and integrated transport system is essential for a good functioning of society, economy and environment. When planning the future of the transport system, different stakeholders face an ongoing pressure to collaborate on the planning of their part of the system. The National Road Administrations (NRAs) in Europe expressed the need for innovative approaches that address the multi-dimensional challenges of infrastructure planning and spatial development, such as multimodal mobility, spatial development, timing, valuation, quality of life as well as institutional and governance dimensions. The central question raised by the Conference of European Directors of Road (CEDR) is ‘How to achieve integrated project development of infrastructure and its spatial surroundings?’ To answer this question, an integral infrastructure planning method has been developed, henceforth referred to as the SPADE method. The SPADE method is based on a literature study of existing planning methods. SPADE combines four planning methods, CBA, MCA, e-participation and a digital workshop into a single methodology. The combination of these methods and the synergies between them make SPADE a powerful integrated planning method. SPADE consists of two main components, a process and a tool. The process involves the necessary steps to incorporate the tool into the planning process. The tool involves one or more workshops in which stakeholders meet in a focus group-like setting and discuss various policy measures or alternatives by means of a computer-assisted MCA/CBA. The SPADE method improves the planning process by (i) reducing the number of policy options, (ii) gaining a deeper understanding of the effects of planning measures, in particular qualitative effects, and (iii) gaining stakeholders support. The method is applicable in many different planning situations. Moreover, the method is flexible and gives the planner the freedom to adapt the method to his own needs of the planning process. The paper presents the SPADE method as well as the findings of the application of the method in the planning processes of 3 case studies in The Netherlands, Austria and Norway in early 2020. These case studies comprise different topics and policy measures at national and regional level, for freight and passenger transport in urban and rural settings.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract used by permission of Association for European Transport.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Association for European Transport (AET)

    1 Vernon Mews, Vernon Street, West Kensington
    London W14 0RL,    
  • Authors:
    • Hindriks, Ivo
    • Kiel, Jan
    • Hansen, Wiljar
    • Holmen, Rasmus Bøgh
    • Biesinger, Benjamin
    • Golanske, Niklas
    • Zanardelli, Arianna
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2020


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Bibliography; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 12p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference 2020

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01768535
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 18 2021 4:04PM