A multi-objective optimization model for shelter location-allocation in response to humanitarian relief logistics

Decision-making for shelter location-allocation influences the success of disaster response and affects the security of victims. This paper proposes a multi-objective optimization model for determining shelter location-allocation in response to humanitarian relief logistics. Three objective functions are formulated to improve both efficiency and effectiveness. The first objective is to minimize total costs, including fixed costs for opening the shelters, transportation costs, and service costs. The second objective is to minimize the total time for evacuating victims from all affected areas to allocated shelters. The third objective is to minimize the number of shelters required to provide thorough service to victims. The Epsilon Constraint method (EC) and Goal Programming (GP) are employed for solving the proposed model. The applicability of the proposed model is validated through a case study of flooding in Surat Thani, Thailand. The Pareto efficiency obtained from solving the proposed model is compared with current shelter location-allocation plans determined by the government sector. The comparisons reveal that the results obtained from solving the proposed model outperform current shelter location-allocation plans. Furthermore, the results of this study could provide an advantage to decision-makers considering appropriate strategies for disaster response.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01770230
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 17 2021 3:29PM