Measuring System-level Impacts of Co-Working on Transport Systems: Case study of a Living Lab in Stockholm, Sweden

As cities continue to grow, people have started to move further away from the city centres due to various reasons such as housing shortages, one’s particular lifestyle expectation, and ever-increasing living costs. Longer distances to work make commuting a physical and a mental burden. Due to the limited capacity of the transportation system and heavy dependence on personal vehicles, millions of people spend long hours commuting to and from work. Not only is commuting inconvenient for the individual it also has an adverse effect on the environment. Emerging information and communication technologies have enabled telecommuting, remote work and collaborative community-based work by allowing individuals to work from places besides their workplace, e.g. at cafés, libraries or from home. Co-working is one such emerging concept which was described as a shared office environment in 2005 by Brad Neuberg. It refers to an arrangement in which several workers from different companies share an office space, allowing cost savings and convenience through the use of common infrastructure and facilities, such as equipment, utilities and refreshments. Such an arrangement could help both authorities and industries to solve the scarcity of space by providing a flexible work environment while significantly reducing congestion and when combined with mobility services could provide an optimal travel arrangement that may suit better for the given commuter’s needs. But, co-working can also have unintended side effects, e.g. increased travel for people who worked from home otherwise. Therefore, it is important to be mindful of all potential impacts. While previous studies have explored the concept of co-working against the background of user preferences, locations patterns, ICT and business models and management, there seems to be a lack of understanding of the potential impacts of co-working through a system-level perspective. Lack of real case analysis and focus on particular aspects of the co-working concept limits us to gain a full understanding of the impacts of such interventions and lead us to biased policy design. To address this research gap, a living lab 20 km south of Stockholm was set up to investigate how co-working spaces can impact an individual’s travel and leisure life. This living lab offers a digital platform integrating accessibility and mobility services to participants to allow them to book, plan, and travel. It offers an activity-based workplace close to home, gives access to electric bikes and peers to peer carpooling. With such an arrangement, it is expected that co-working could significantly reduce commuting and is not associated with deficits of working from home. Using this real-life experiment, this study aims to identify Key Performance indicators (KPIs) and develop a system-level framework to evaluate the impacts of co-working from economic, environmental and social perspectives on individual and societal levels. The evaluation is based on data collected through a survey, one on one interviews and travel diaries with 60 participants of the explorative living lab co-working space in Stockholm. Preliminary results show that decentralized co-working spaces combined with mobility services can support a shift towards sustainable transport modes and have a positive effect on factors of health and emissions.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 16p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference 2020

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01765164
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 11 2021 12:21PM