Gender-Related Perspectives and Attitudes Towards Transport Issues

When people talk about women in transport, they are not simply talking about a specific group of vulnerable users. They are talking about half of the world’s population that daily has to struggle in order to reach essential opportunities such as jobs, education, shops, and friends. Failing to accomplish that, will eventually lead to a not desirable condition of social disadvantage and exclusion. Therefore, when considering people’s mobility needs and issues, it is mandatory to adopt a gender-sensitive perspective. In particular, this should be reinforced when other vulnerable groups, being them low-income, elderly, migrants, people living in rural areas, etc. are also involved. In fact, half of these people are women too. A condition that will further affect the way in which they are able to access, exploit, and utilize transport services. The goal of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it aims to better comprehend how being a woman is a key factor influencing mobility characteristics and travel behavior. Secondly, it deepens into the main challenges and issues that have to be overcome in order to reduce inequalities of access and opportunities of movement among genders. Properly addressing these challenges plays a crucial role in providing women with empowerment, access to opportunities, and independence. The paper also reflects on how gender is still not being accounted enough in the transport sector. All over the world, transport planning and policy-making are still heavily influenced by standards, procedures, and methodologies that are not aligned with more recent evolution of households, parental models, and developments in the labor market. At the same time, the paper shows that women continue to have far more complex activity programs and mobility needs than men, which require more focused efforts to be addressed. Lower employment rates, part-time roles, family care duties, lower-wage positions, and safety issues are among the factors which determine sensible differences between men and women in the labor market, in social life, and consequently in mobility behavior. Transport is not yet gender-neutral and gender differences have to be properly tackled by experts and policymakers. To reduce women’s burden and address their diverse requirements, it is essential to further study and better understand women’s mobility. Collecting gender-disaggregated data to understand female travel patterns and conducting gender impact assessments should be the starting point that will eventually encourage planners, policymakers, and service managers to embrace gender-responsive policies and develop more inclusive and safe mobility environments and services for women. This paper builds on the research and findings achieved by the ongoing Horizon 2020 project HiReach (http://hireach-project.eu). HiReach is developing innovative business solutions to cope with transport poverty and improving accessibility for special areas and vulnerable groups. One of the socio-demographic categories targeted by the project is precisely represented by women, whose mobility needs, challenges, and travel solutions have been extensively studied both in literature and through fieldworks, interviews, and focus groups in Southern Salento, the easternmost and remote part of the Apulia Region in Italy.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Bibliography; Figures;
  • Pagination: 11p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference 2020

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01766208
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 10 2021 4:27PM