Multiscale Modeling of Asphalt Concrete and Validation through Instrumented Pavement Section

In this study, macroscale responses of asphalt concrete (AC) are predicted from the responses of its corresponding microscale representative volume element (RVE) within a finite element framework using quasi-static and dynamic analyses. Nanoindentation test was performed on the mastic and aggregate phase of an AC sample to determine the viscoelastic and elastic properties of RVE elements. Aggregate-mastic proportions in the RVE were obtained from the morphological image analysis. Macroscale model responses were compared with the AC pavement responses obtained from an instrumented pavement section subjected to falling weight deflectometer loading and a class 9 vehicle. Model responses are very close to the actual responses. The multiscale analyses show that tensile strain in microscale RVE is 5–10 times higher than that in a macroscale element. Furthermore, multiscale analyses also show that variations in the microscale RVE, such as the reduction in the aggregate-mastic ratio or increment in the voids, can increase the maximum tensile strain at the bottom of the AC in macroscale model by around 25%.

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    • Some or all data used during the study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. © National Academy of Sciences: Transportation Research Board 2021.
  • Authors:
    • Khan, Zafrul H
    • Tarefder, Rafiqul A
    • Faisal, Hasan M
  • Publication Date: 2021


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01764627
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Feb 4 2021 3:17PM