Spain’s Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Challenge: How Many Chargers Will Be Required in 2030?

The uptake of electric vehicles (EVs) and installation of charging infrastructure in Spain through 2019 has been slow. At the end of 2019, Spain had 46,000 registered EVs, just 0.2% of 25 million passenger vehicles, and 8,000 EV chargers. This presents an enormous task for the electrification of Spain’s transportation. To build a vehicle fleet of 2.7 million to 3.6 million EVs and reach 50% to 70% of passenger vehicle sales in 2030, a quarter of a million workplace, public, and fast EV chargers are needed, requiring an annual growth of about 35% in the country’s chargers. But to support this paper’s scenarios, charger installation will have to grow by 46% annually until 2025. As the market expands, fewer chargers per vehicle will be needed, and the annual increase will decline between 2025 and 2030. Despite the declining ratio of public chargers per EVs, an expanding market will still require increasing installations of chargers until 2030. Different ratios of home and public/workplace chargers can serve the same number of EVs. In nearly all the scenarios that the authors studied, homeplaces are where most charging is expected to take place. If workplace charging is reserved for drivers without home charging, 24% fewer non-home chargers will be needed. Commercial and heavy-duty vehicles are expected to need additional charging infrastructure. Taxi, carsharing, and ride-hailing vehicles are also expected to require a good deal of infrastructure, but some of the infrastructure identified in the authors’ analysis could be shared with these vehicles.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Serial:
    • Working Paper
    • Issue Number: 2021-03
    • Publisher: International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01768053
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 4 2021 11:44AM