Age and nationality in relation to injuries at sea among officers and non-officers: a study based on contacts from ships to Telemedical Assistance Service in Denmark

Not much research exists on the characterization of work-related injuries on board merchant ships. The authors used telemedical service contacts in Denmark to investigate the factors and patterns of crew member injuries related to injury incidence. The data for this study were based on 1,401 contacts from ships to the Telemedical Assistance Service (TMAS) in Denmark between 2004 and 2014, supplemented with data on the annual estimation of all seafarers (73,336) from the Danish Maritime Authority. The final dataset included age groups, occupations and nationality. The outcomes were injuries from any cause and six broad categories of injuries characterized by anatomic location or injury type. Of the 1,401 contacts to TMAS due to injuries during the 11-year observation period, 36% were for upper limb injuries, 18% were for lower limb injuries, and 13% were for head injuries. Age-adjusted incidence rates for all injuries varied between 13.6 and 26.8 incidences per 1000 person-years in 2004-2014. In most types of injuries, younger and older crew members had higher risk for injuries than members aged 30-49 years. Depending on the type of injury, non-officers had three- to fivefold increased odds of injuries compared with officers, the risk being highest for head injuries. Non-officers from the European Union (EU) had higher risk of injuries than non-officers from outside the EU, whereas the pattern of this risk among officers was inverse. These findings suggest that European non-officers have higher risk for injuries on board Danish merchant ships. Additionally, age was connected with risk, with the younger (less than 30 years old) and older (more than 50 years old) crew members having increased risk.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 7p
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01765607
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 27 2021 5:16PM