Psychological Constructs Related to Seat Belt Use, Volume 2: Results Report

The Psychological Constructs Related to Seat Belt Use (PCRSBU) survey was designed to “go beyond” demographic correlates of seat belt use (e.g., age, income, race) and identify psychological constructs that may help explain additional variance in seat belt use among the general U.S. population. The survey was administeredin 2018 to a representative sample of U.S. residents aged 16 years or older who reported driving or riding in a car in the past year. Analyses of survey results demonstrated that people with greater willingness to delay gratification, greater life satisfaction, more aversion to risks, greater perception of risk in various driving situations, greater loneliness, and more resistance to peer influence were more likely to be full-time seat belt users. People with greater impulsivity and inclination to engage in risky behaviors as acts of “social resistance” were less likely to be full-time belt users. Additionally, mediation analyses revealed that the psychological constructs fully explained some of the observed effects of demographic variables (age, sex, and one regional difference) on seat belt use. The results of this study may be useful both for identifying people at higher risk of seat belt non-use and for developing countermeasures targeted at high-risk occupants. The current volume is the second of two volumes describing the survey and the results. The other report is Volume 1: Methodology Report.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 45p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01763030
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT HS 813029
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-15-C-00018
  • Created Date: Jan 27 2021 11:22AM