Improving CO₂ emission assessment of diesel-based powertrains in dynamic driving cycles by data fusion techniques

This article proposes a method based on the Kalman filter to improve the accuracy of the CO₂ measurement in driving cycles such as worldwide harmonized light vehicles test cycles or real driving cycles which are inherently subject to a loss in accuracy due to the dynamic limitations of the CO₂ analysers. The information from the analyser is combined with the electronic control unit estimation of the fuel injection. The characteristics of diesel engines and, in particular, the high efficiency of the combustion process and the diesel oxidation catalyst allows to compute the CO₂ emissions from the fuel consumption estimation of the electronic control unit by applying the carbon balance method assuming negligible HC and CO emissions. Then, the assessment of the CO₂ analyser response time and accuracy allows to pose an estimation problem that can be solved by a Kalman filter. The application of the method to different driving cycles shows that analyser dynamic limitations may lead to an overestimation of the CO₂ figures that can reach 4% in highly dynamic tests such as the worldwide harmonized light vehicles test cycles. The technique thus has further potential application to replicating real driving cycles on the chassis dynamometer for real driving emission testing.


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  • Accession Number: 01765319
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 21 2021 3:25PM