Strategies for using valvetrain flexibility instead of exhaust manifold pressure modulation for diesel engine gas exchange and thermal management control

At low-to-moderate loads, modern diesel engines manipulate exhaust manifold pressure to drive exhaust gas recirculation and thermally manage the aftertreatment. In these engines, exhaust manifold pressure control is typically achieved via either a valve after the turbine, a variable geometry turbine, or wastegating. The study described here demonstrates how valvetrain flexibility enables engine operation without requiring exhaust manifold pressure control. Specifically, intake valve closure modulation and cylinder deactivation at elevated engine speeds, along with exhaust valve opening modulation at low engine speeds, can match, or improve, efficiency and thermal management compared to a stock thermal calibration that requires exhaust manifold pressure control. During low-speed, low-load operation, the stock engine uses elevated exhaust manifold pressures to increase the required fueling (for thermal management) and to drive exhaust gas recirculation. Exhaust valve opening modulation can instead be implemented to enable similar aftertreatment warm-up, while cylinder deactivation allows aftertreatment temperature maintenance with a 40% reduction in fuel consumption. During high-speed, low-to-moderate loads, the stock engine implements thermal management operation by decreasing exhaust manifold pressure. Intake valve closure modulation together with cylinder deactivation can instead be implemented to enable fuel-efficient thermal management improvements via charge flow control.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 755-776
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01766044
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 21 2021 3:25PM