Location quotient-based travel costs for determining accessibility changes

Accessibility is not a static feature because it is affected by a large number of factors, such as changes in transport infrastructure, the spatial distribution of human activities, and their interdependence. In this study, the authors examine the role of location quotient-based travel costs as the travel impedance function in accessibility measurement to better capture accessibility changes over time. The travel impedance function is one of the most widely studied aspects of accessibility. In most studies, travel impedance is determined by a negative exponential function in the travel cost assessment of the accessibility measure as a means to incorporate the distance decay effect. This study applies an accessibility index that uses location quotient-based travel costs and an accessibility measure with simple travel costs in order to test the proposed theory. The results of the two methods vary considerably. The location quotient method is discussed in detail, including its potential advantages for measuring accessibility changes. Findings suggest that the location quotient-based travel cost is an appropriate method for determining the travel impedance function in accessibility measurements, especially for analyzing accessibility changes.


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  • Accession Number: 01764497
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 13 2021 3:13PM