Investigation on the fuel injection stability of high pressure common rail system for diesel engines

High pressure common rail system is the state-of-the art technology for modern diesel engines to achieve energy conservation and emission reduction. The economy and emission performance of the diesel engines are influenced by the fuel injection stability of the high pressure common rail system. In this work, a high pressure common rail injector numerical model based on bond graph theory has been proposed. The comparisons between experimental results and numerical simulations show that the numerical model could reasonably predict the injection characteristics of the system. In order to reveal the essential rules and inherent characteristics of the fuel injection stability for high pressure common rail system, the rank variations of the state matrix at different injection pulse widths during fuel injection are obtained by means of a linear analysis. In addition, the distributions of eigenvalues for the state matrix in complex plane are investigated using Lyapunov method. The results show that the rank is influenced mainly by the movements of control valve and needle. Furthermore, the variation rule of the rank is independent of the injection pulse width before the needle is opened. The needle channel orifice of the injector plays a dominant role in transformation of the system from strong damping oscillation to underdamping oscillation. The opening and closing of control valve have significant effect on the stability of the system because its movement breaks the stability, and the movement of needle has remarkable effect on the oscillating characteristics of the system. High pressure common rail system is a complicated time-variant system with unstable pressure relief and strong oscillation injection.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 616-631
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01765647
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 12 2021 3:08PM