Theoretical Research on Longitudinal Profile Design of Superhighways

To improve driving safety on superhighways, longitudinal profile design parameters of a superhighway are calculated via force analysis while a car is driven on a slope. The calculations consider characteristics of drivers, cars, and roads. According to the vehicle type, design speed, and natural conditions, the maximum longitudinal slope of a superhighway is calculated and compared with those of an ordinary superhighway and high-speed railway. Based on analysis of the vehicle climbing performance, braking performance, and driver visual characteristics, the maximum and minimum slope lengths of a superhighway are calculated. By analyzing the elements of vertical curves, the minimum radius and minimum length of the vertical curves of a superhighway are calculated by considering factors such as mitigating the impact at the slope bottom, driving at night, and driving time along vertical curves. Analysis and calculation results show that when the maximum longitudinal slope is 2.50%, 2.25%, and 2.00%, the minimum slope length is 450 m, 400 m, and 350 m, respectively, and the minimum vertical curve length is 145 m, 130 m, and 115 m, respectively, and the superhighway travel requirements can be satisfied at speeds of 180 km/h, 160 km/h, and 140 km/h, respectively.


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  • Accession Number: 01765451
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 8 2021 3:20PM