Estimating the effectiveness of vehicle emission regulations for reducing NOₓ from light-duty vehicles in Korea using on-road measurements

The South Korean government has reinforced emission regulations for newly manufactured vehicles to reduce air pollution from automobiles. The government has applied different emission regulations depending on the fuel, following the regulations set for gasoline vehicles in California, USA, and those set for diesel vehicles in the European Union (EU). In this study, the on-road NOₓ emissions of 109 light-duty vehicles in South Korea were measured on roads in Seoul and the surrounding metropolitan area using a portable emissions measurement system (PEMS). The results were then analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of the emission regulations introduced in Korea for NOₓ reduction. The average on-road NOₓ emissions for the Euro 5 and Euro 6b diesel vehicles were approximately five times higher than the laboratory emission limits set by the EU regulation. The NOₓ emissions also showed significant variation depending on the driving parameters, such as the driving dynamics and the ambient temperature. From the Euro 6d-TEMP regulation in which the real driving emissions-light duty vehicles (RDE-LDV) regulatory package was implemented, the average on-road NOₓ emissions from the diesel vehicles were controlled within the laboratory emission limits, but were still higher than those of the gasoline vehicles. Despite the absence of the RDE-LDV regulations, the average on-road NOₓ emissions of the gasoline vehicles that had ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) and super ultra-low emission vehicle (SULEV) standard certifications were controlled within the laboratory emission limits set by the FTP-75, regardless of the various driving parameters. The results of this study show that it is necessary to include a wide range of driving conditions in emission certification test procedures, such as RDE-LDV, and enhance the regulatory measures that enable manufacturers to maintain the effectiveness of emission control systems.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01765619
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 7 2021 5:29PM