Using Reinforcement Learning With Partial Vehicle Detection for Intelligent Traffic Signal Control

Intelligent Traffic Signal Control (ITSC) systems have attracted the attention of researchers and the general public alike as a means of alleviating traffic congestion. Recently, the vehicular wireless technologies have enabled a cost-efficient way to achieve ITSC by detecting vehicles using Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) wireless communications. Traditional ITSC algorithms, in most cases, assume that every vehicle is detected, such as by a camera or a loop detector, but a V2I implementation would detect only those vehicles equipped with wireless communications capability. The authors examine a family of transportation systems, which they will refer to as ‘Partially Detected Intelligent Transportation Systems’. An algorithm that can perform well under a small detection rate is highly desirable due to gradual increasing penetration rates of the underlying technologies such as Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) technology. Reinforcement Learning (RL) approach in Artificial Intelligence (AI) could provide indispensable tools for such problems where only a small portion of vehicles are detected by the ITSC system. In this paper, the authors report a new RL algorithm for Partially Detected Intelligent Traffic Signal Control (PD-ITSC) systems. The performance of this system is studied under different car flows, detection rates, and types of the road network. The authors' system is able to efficiently reduce the average waiting time of vehicles at an intersection, even with a low detection rate, thus reducing the travel time of vehicles.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01766325
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 5 2021 2:01PM