The Ambitious and the Ambivalent: Sweden’s and Norway’s Attitudes Towards New Domestic Renewable Energy Sources

Den ambisiøse og den ambivalente: Sveriges og Norges holdninger til innenlandske nye fornybare energikilder

The study investigates why Norway and Sweden from 1960 until 2015 have developed their renewable energy production along very different paths. The results show that the natural resource potential, politics and public policies have had profound impacts on which type of renewable energy production have been developed, when and how. Sweden, lacking access to new cheap hydropower after 1970, has generally implemented more ambitious and comprehensive policies, leading to much higher production of new renewable energy of all types than in Norway. Differences in expansion of renewable energy might thus be explained by differences in: natural resource endowments, long-term research and innovation efforts, combined with creation of markets and predictable policies. Enhanced new renewables production has boosted energy security and stabilized the energy systems in both countries. The Swedish-Norwegian green electric certificate market, until 2015, mainly contributed to increased electricity production from already cost-competitive or nearly cost-competitive technologies: small-scale hydropower in Norway and bio power and wind power in Sweden.

  • Record URL:
  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • © 2020 Institute of Transport Economics/Transportøkonomisk Institutt. Report in English; summaries in English and Norwegian.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute of Transport Economics

    Gaustadalleen 21
    Oslo,   Norway  NO-0349

    Centre for International Climate and Energy Policy

    Oslo,   Norway 
  • Authors:
    • Ydersbond, Inga Margrete
  • Publication Date: 2020-11


  • English
  • Norwegian

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Bibliography; Figures; Photos; Tables;
  • Pagination: 72p
  • Serial:
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01762756
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9788248023036
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 4330
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 29 2020 9:48AM