Topographical factors in travel mode choice: evidence from Yokohama, Japan

This study reveals the impacts of topography in the walk-mode choice using indices directly comparable with other factors and reveals the relationship between travel costs and topography in mode choice mechanism. Trip data and personal attributes from residents living in a hilly residential district in the Tokyo metropolitan area were collected by the authors. Through analyses on the mode of travel by focusing on railway feeder trips to the return journey home, the decreasing trend in choosing walking along uphill routes even in the same distance range was revealed, which suggests the negative impact of topography in walking. The mode choice mechanism was analyzed using multinomial logit models, and three models were employed: without topography, including topography as elevation change, and as the slope and all of them were significant. In both models analyzing topography, the negative impacts of topography were revealed. As a result of the model with the slope index, though the impact of topography was less than that of travel time and fare, there was a great correlation to that of the individual’s walking ability, which means topographical barriers have a sub-equal impact as a physical barrier in walking. Additionally, the accepted costs were revealed as follows: 241.0 JPY to avoid a 1% increase in slope and 19.9 JPY to avoid a 1-meter increase uphill elevation. Compared to the fare, it was revealed that public transit modes will work as means to avoid topographical barriers


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 16p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01764130
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-01055
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:20AM