Evaluation of Sustainability of Transport Systems in Europe Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

Sustainability in transportation is of critical global importance and has been recognised by European Union (EU) as a key factor in reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions. In this study, the evolution of transport sustainability in European Member States has been investigated between 2012 and 2016.  In the past, evaluation of sustainability of the transport sector has been carried out using different methodologies. Considering the complexity and multi-dimensional aspects of sustainability, multi-criteria analysis decision making tools have been considered in this paper. The efficiency of sustainable transport has been evaluated using a Non-radial Data Envelopment Analysis (Non-radial DEA) model by analysing an expansive set of economic, environmental and social (EES) indicators categorised as desirable and undesirable, inputs and outputs. Comparison of the performance of member states indicated that the countries which joined the EU after 2004 achieved better sustainability in both years compared to the older member states. Further rigorous analysis was carried out to isolate the influence of key indicators which were identified as Carbon Dioxide (CO₂) emissions, energy consumption, Gross Value Added (GVA) by transport, road and railway network densities and road fatalities. Infrastructure spending is also considered as a key factor which when used in network development showed better efficiency compared to maintenance. Possible changes in all critical indicators to achieve sustainability were discussed along with possible policy implications.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 15p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01764031
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-03005
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:18AM