Public Transport Demand and Supply Changes During COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case of the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Public transportation has faced a decline in ridership worldwide during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although transit authorities tried to adapt the service supply, the inherent disparities between countries influence the different responses from the population, and the resultant impacts on the different social groups. Under this perspective, cities in developing countries face a challenge related not only to the reduction in demand and revenue in the public transport sector, but also the implications on the social tissue and in the existing inequalities. This paper analyzes the change in demand and supply of public transportation in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, during the COVID-19 pandemic, taking into consideration the inherent local social inequalities of the city. The results show that the reduction in demand is not equally proportional to different passenger types and social groups, and suggests that the specific car restriction measure adopted might have helped to increase public transport demand during the pandemic, in a period of reduced supply. The analysis of changes in supply and demand per transit line type shows that although reductions were performed equally, the realized demand reduction is lower on lines connecting the peripheral areas to the city center. Lastly, Getis-Ord spatial statistics were implemented to identify areas of significant clusters of high and low values of bus supply change and COVID-19 cases, the results showed that 0.91% of the areas are simultaneously bus supply change cold spots and COVID-19 hot spots.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 21p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01763901
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-01981
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:14AM